Neem Plant Overview
This plant is commonly called as Neem or Margosa.”Kohomba ” is the sinhala name for this plant and we find this plant in India, Srilanka like South Asian countries.
This is not a shrub type plant and it is a large tree growing 20-25 m high. This plant thrives well in dry zone and in intermediate zone in Sri lanka. The leaves have divided to leaflets of unique shape.Some leaves have 12-14 leaflets in them.
The bark of the Neem tree is very thick because it is an adaptation to the harsh environmental conditions. It shows splitted nature with cravities.
The bark and the leaves are very important parts of the tree. People use these plant parts as important parts in house hold remedies.
The uses of plant
usage of leaves
The leaves are very much useful.People use leaves for different purposes for instance as mosquito repellents. Villagers put the Neem leaves to fire and generate smoke. We experince this practice since our childhood. It is a good way of chasing out mosquitoes without killing them. Usually when the darkness start to fall all around, we put the leaves in to fire and let the smoke to go all around the home.
It is very Eco friendly and not like vaporizers with lot of chemicals because does not create post imapacts on health after using.
Another interesting thing about neem leaves are that villagers use them as a strong anti- germ agent. When some one had to stay in a hospital or after going to a funeral they bath hot water in which margosa leaves are boiled.
You know when boiling margosa leaves, the water becomes reddish color and bitter though it is super killing agent on germs.
I can still remember my childhood days where my mother bathed me and my brother using margosa leaves boiled water.
uses of the bark
The Neem bark is again very useful part of the tree for the villagers. Basically villagers boil the bark and drink it. It is a very practical alternative for pills we take against worms in our intestines. In our childhood grandmother gave these consecutively three times in a row. I actually did not want to have it because of the bitterness but i could not escape in any case.
Still my father drinks boiled Neem barks as a treatment for the diabetics. He consumes a cup of this twice or thrice a week. So, we villagers practically know that it is a good way of reducing the blood sugar levels. Even though i do not have undergone diabetics, i do not forget to get a cup of this as a precaution.
uses of seeds
Farmers put margosa tiny fruits in water and let them to be stagnant in water for several weeks.It makes the water giving really bad pungent smell & eventually it is used to chase away the insects that damage to the crops
Uses of the Neem oil
Another interesting thing about Neem is that i’ have seen the oil of neem is applied on newly born calve’s navel.This prohibits the flies to lay eggs on navel of newly born calves.This is a practice village farmers do since many generations.
I can still remember the my grand father applied neem oil on my finger to avoid me from soothing the thumb of my hand.This is a habitual action many kids do in their little age but later what happens is protruding the teeth. The oil is bitter and once they put the thumb in to the mouth to sooth it suddenly drop down as it is bitter.
I will show you some images and videos of these very shortly.